Public Provident Fund (PPF) Money Withdrawal Rules

Pallav Mandal
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 PPF Money Withdrawal Rules

The Public Provident Fund (PPF) scheme is one of the major money saving schemes of the Government of India and it was introduced by the National Savings Institute of the Ministry of Finance in India in 1968. 

This scheme offers attractive interest rates and tax benefits, making it a preferred choice for individuals who want to build a substantial corpus over time. 

However, understanding the withdrawal rules of the PPF account is crucial for effective financial planning. This article will delve into various aspects of PPF money withdrawal rules, ensuring a comprehensive understanding for investors.


The PPF scheme is designed to encourage small savings and investments among the general public. It is characterized by its long-term commitment, typically spanning 15 years, with the option to extend in blocks of 5 years after maturity. The key features of a PPF account include:

  1. Tenure: 15 years, extendable in blocks of 5 years.
  2. Interest Rate: Decided by the Government quarterly.
  3. Minimum Investment: ₹500 per annum.
  4. Maximum Investment: ₹1.5 lakh per annum.
  5. Tax Benefits: Under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, interest earned is tax-free.

Withdrawal Rules of PPF

Understanding when and how you can withdraw money from your PPF account is essential. The rules are designed to ensure that the primary objective of long-term savings is not compromised. Here are the key withdrawal rules:

Withdrawals during the Tenure of the PPF Account

  1. Partial Withdrawals: Partial withdrawals are allowed from the 7th financial year onwards. This means that if you opened your PPF account in April 2020, you can make your first partial withdrawal from April 2026.
    • Amount: The maximum amount that can be withdrawn is limited to 50% of the balance at the end of the 4th year preceding the year of withdrawal or 50% of the balance at the end of the previous year, whichever is lower.
    • Frequency: Only one withdrawal is allowed per financial year.
  2. Maturity Withdrawals: At the end of the 15-year tenure, the entire balance can be withdrawn.
    • Extension: If the account holder opts for an extension without further contributions, the balance continues to earn interest, and the amount can be withdrawn once per financial year.
    • With Contributions: If the extension is with further contributions, the withdrawal rules remain the same as during the original tenure, but partial withdrawals are still permitted under the aforementioned conditions.

Withdrawal on Maturity

Upon completion of 15 years, the account holder can withdraw the entire balance in the PPF account. The maturity amount is completely tax-free. The options available at maturity include:

  1. Complete Withdrawal: The account holder can withdraw the entire amount accumulated in the PPF account, including the interest earned.
  2. Extension without Contribution: If the account holder does not need the funds immediately, they can choose to extend the PPF account tenure by a block of 5 years without making any further contributions. The balance in the account will continue to earn interest, and partial withdrawals can be made once a year.
  3. Extension with Contribution: The account holder can also choose to extend the tenure by 5 years with continued contributions. The withdrawal rules applicable during the initial 15-year period continue to apply during the extended period.

Premature Closure of PPF Account

Premature closure of a PPF account is permitted, but only under specific circumstances and conditions:

  1. Medical Emergencies: Premature closure is allowed for medical treatment of the account holder, spouse, or dependent children/parents in life-threatening diseases. Necessary documents and medical reports are required to substantiate the claim.
  2. Higher Education: Premature closure is also permitted if the account holder needs funds for higher education. Documentation such as admission proof from a recognized institute is necessary.
  3. Lock-in Period: Premature closure is allowed only after the account has completed 5 financial years.
  4. Penalty: A penalty of 1% reduction in the interest rate earned on the balance is applicable on premature closure.

Loans against PPF

While not a direct withdrawal, it's important to note that PPF allows loans against the balance in the account. This can be a useful feature for account holders needing funds without breaking their PPF investment. Key points include:

  1. Eligibility: Loans can be availed from the 3rd financial year up to the 6th financial year.
  2. Loan Amount: The max loan amount is 25% of the balance at the end of the 2nd year immediately preceding the year in which the loan is applied for.
  3. Interest Rate: The interest rate on the loan is 1% higher than the prevailing PPF interest rate.
  4. Repayment: The loan has to be repaid within 36 months. After repaying the first loan, a second loan can be taken before the 6th year.

Tax Implications

One of the significant advantages of the PPF scheme is its tax benefits:

  1. Investments: Contributions to the PPF account are eligible for deduction under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, up to ₹1.5 lakh per annum.
  2. Interest: The interest earned on the PPF balance is completely tax-free.
  3. Withdrawals: All withdrawals, whether partial or full on maturity, are exempt from tax.

Practical Examples

Example 1: Partial Withdrawal

Suppose Mr. Rajiv opened a PPF account in April 2014. He wants to make a partial withdrawal in April 2022 (the 9th financial year). The balance at the end of the 4th financial year (2018-19) was ₹2,00,000, and the balance at the end of the previous year (2021-22) was ₹3,00,000.

  • 50% of the balance at the end of the 4th financial year = ₹1,00,000
  • 50% of the balance at the end of the previous year = ₹1,50,000

Mr. Rajiv can withdraw the lower amount, which is ₹1,00,000.

Example 2: Extension with Contribution

Mrs. Priya’s PPF account matures in April 2025. She decides to extend the account with contributions. In the extended block of 5 years, she can make one partial withdrawal each year, following the same rules applicable during the original tenure.

Example 3: Premature Closure

Ms. Anjali opened her PPF account in April 2015. In 2021, she needs funds for her father’s medical treatment. The account has completed 6 financial years, making her eligible for premature closure. She provides the necessary medical documents and closes the account, facing a 1% reduction in the interest rate for the premature closure.


The PPF scheme remains a cornerstone of financial planning for many Indians due to its tax benefits, guaranteed returns, and security. Understanding the withdrawal rules is essential for maximizing the benefits of this long-term investment. While the scheme encourages long-term savings, the provision for partial withdrawals, loans, and premature closures ensures liquidity in times of need.

By adhering to these rules, investors can ensure that their savings grow steadily while also having access to funds in emergencies. The PPF scheme, with its blend of safety, returns, and tax benefits, continues to be a reliable and advantageous investment for individuals aiming for financial stability and growth.


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